WS100 Radar Precipitation Sensor / Smart Disdrometer
Absolutely maintenance-free and extremely fast measurement of precipitation type (Rain, snow, sleet, freezing rain, hail) and intensity, thanks to radar measurement technology. The smart radar rain sensor & present weather detector!
The Lufft WS100 is our rain sensor with radar technology and adjustable heating. Using a 24-GHz Doppler radar, it measures the speed of all forms of condensed water. These include rain, freezing rain, hail, snow and sleet.
The low-energy sensor detects precipitation from the first drop. Its possible uses are nearly unlimited. Whether in hydrology and water management, agricultural and environmental science, building automation, meteorology or airport and traffic control: the rain gauge measures rain almost anywhere in the world.
- Rain/precipitation quantity, rain/precipitation type (Rain, snow, sleet, freezing rain, hail)
- 24GHz Doppler radar
- Very fast response time, maintenance-free measurement, present weather detection
- RS-485 semi-duplex two-wire, SDI-12, pulse interface / UMB protocol, Modbus
- 8367.U03, 8367.U04, 8367.U05
- Examples of use
- Product variants
- Technical Data
Product Advantages of the Lufft WS100 Radar Precipitation Sensor
Absolutely maintenance-free and low-energy 24-hour operation
- Maintenance-free operation through ingenious technology without any moving parts
- Energy-saving sensor thanks to the improved ECO mode (0.4 VA)
- Extended heating capacity allows operation in summer as well as in winter
- Improved heating power with lower power consumption: Sensor heating integrated directly on the dome wall, power consumption with 9 VA heating.
- Very long service life and high operational reliability due to high quality components
Every second counts: Precise precipitation measurement from the first drop
- Extremely fast measurement from the first raindrop
- Detection of precipitation and rainfall (rain, freezing rain, hail, snow and sleet)
- Detection of drop size (0.3 to 5 mm)
- Differentiation between 11 classifications of drop sizes
- Sensor provides rain intensity with higher resolution starting from 0.01 mm
- Improved measurement accuracy thanks to patented self-developed radar module
Precision sensor with radar technology designed for all industrial needs
- Precipitation sensor with radar technology: 24GHz Doppler radar
- Applications: weather critical operations and operation ffficiency - traffic, rail, renewables, building management, air quality
- Particularly suitable for places or areas which are difficult to access due to being maintenance-free
- No maintenance or calibration, no additional hidden costs
Designed for all common data loggers and data acquisition systems
- Multiple and simultaneous interfaces for data output and communication
- SDI-12 and RS-485 Modbus for reliable data transmission
Examples of use of the Lufft WS100 Radar Precipitation Sensor
The maintenance-free and extremely fast measurement of precipitation type and intensity fits perfect the needs of the following applications...
Examples of Use:
- Weather observation for road and traffic control systems (RWIS - road weather information station)
- Mountain weather stations for avalanche and flood warning
- Hydro-meteorological stations(flood warning, stormwater, ...etc.)
- Air Quality
- Building Automation
Product variants of the Radar Precipitation Sensor WS100
Due to country-specific requirements for the radar technology of the WS100, the precipitation sensor is available in the following variants:
- Radar Precipitation Sensor WS100 - Europe version (Article no. 8367.U03)
Frequency range: 24,0 – 24.075 GHz, 100mW output power, CE
- Radar precipitation sensor WS100 - USA, Canada, Brasil,… (Article no. 8367.U04)
Frequency range: 24.075 GHz – 24.175 GHz, 100 mW output power, FCC
- Radar Precipitation Sensor WS100 - China (Article no. 8367.U05)
Frequency range: 24.00 – 24.25 GHz (24,0 – 24.075 GHz used), 20 mW output power, CE
Webinar: The new Lufft WS100 Radar Precipitation Sensor
Curious about innovative sensors in precipitation detection? Watch our free on demand webinar and discover the new precipitation sensor WS100, which is based on smart radar technology!
Brochure - Lufft - Weather Critical Operations (EN)
Traffic weather, renewable energies and more
EU declaration of conformity - Lufft WS100
EU declaration of conformity - Lufft WS100
Firmware - Lufft - WS100
Manual - Lufft - UMB ASCII 2.0 (EN)
Manual - Lufft - UMB ASCII 2.0 (EN)
Manual - Lufft UMB Config Tool (EN)
Manual - Lufft WSxxx weather sensor (EN)
Quickstart - Lufft WSXXX - Smart Weather Sensor Family (DE/EN)
Software - Lufft - ConfigTool .NET
Video - Rainmaker: Pictures of our RaiSi (Rain Simulator)
Video - WS product family - Integration of external sensors
Video - WS product family: 10 Years Lufft WS Product Family - A Success Story
Video - WS product family: Our modular concept of the WS-family
|Passender Mastumfang||60 - 76 mm|
|Dimensions||Ø150 mm (5.9 in), height: 190 mm (7.48 in)|
|Power supply||10...28 VDC|
|Power consumption without heating||1 VA / 0.4 VA (low power mode)|
|Heating power||9 VA|
|Operat. temp. range||-40...60 °C|
|Operat. humidity range||0...100 %|
|Survival wind speed||75 m/s|
|Interfaces/ protocols||RS-485 semi-duplex two-wire, SDI-12, pulse interface / UMB protocol, Modbus|
|(Pluggable) cable length||10 m|
|Transmission frequency||24 GHz|
|Measurement surface||9 cm²|
|Precipitation types||Rain, snow, sleet, freezing rain, hail, drizzle; no precipitation (SYNOP 4677)|
|Accuracy||± 0.16 mm or ± 10% of the measured value for liquid precipitation*|
|*)||Under laboratory conditions by means of Lufft test system: Reference drop simulator with 2.8 mm drop diameter and adjustable intensity between 10 and 200 mm/h.|
|Resolution liquid preciptiation||0.01 / 0 .1 / 0.2 / 0.5 / 1.0 mm (pulse interface)|
|Droplet size||0.3...5.0 mm|
|Drop Size Distribution||11 drop size classes with bandwidth of 0.5 mm|
|Precipitation intensity||0.01...200 mm/h / 0...7.874 inch/h|
|Particle velocity||0.9...15.5 m/s|
|Solid precipitation||5.1...~30 mm|
WS product family: Communication after protocol change
How to communicate with a WS-Sensor and the UMB-config-Tool if the protocol was changed for example to Modbus or SDI-12?
After a Reset ( switching On/Off the sensor) every WS-Senor will start up for the first 5 seconds in UMB-protocol and the standard baud rate of 19200Bd. Independend to the configured protocol and baudrate settings of the WS-Sensor.
In this first 5 Seconds you will be able to connect via UMB-config-Tool to the WS-Sensor after this first command was send the UMB-protocol will stay for 10 minutes after that it switches back to the original configured protocol. This Time will always be extended to 10 minutes if a new UMB command was send.
WS product family: SDI-12 wiring plan for Device version >= 42
How to connect a WS-sensor with a device version >= 42 (hardware version >=14) to a SDI-12 system?
The wiring plan has changed compared to the wiring plan of older WS-Sensor device versions.
The new wiring plan is:
- +VDD = brown
- GND = white
- SDI12_Signal = yellow
- SDI12_GND = white
This is also mentioned as a note in the latest WS-sensor manual in the section 8 Connections
WS100: How does the Doppler Radar Measurement Principle of the WS100 work?
The 24 GHz Microwave Doppler Radar works with the radar reflection method and measures the precipitation quantity or precipitation intensity by means of the correlation of drop size and velocity below the sensor.
Inside the the smart sensor a drop Size distribution matrix enables to calculate intensity of precipitation and to determine type of precipitation according fundamental meteorological relationships (Gunn-Kinzer and Hobbs and Locatelli).
More to read about the measurement principle in the WS100 Sensor Guide: