Ceilometer CHM 15k „NIMBUS“
The LIDAR-based cloud height sensor / ceilometer CHM 15k is prepared to work throughout the year and in any climate
The Lufft CHM 15k has a double-walled housing combined with integrated fan and automatic heating system. Thus it provides reliable protection against misting, precipitation, freezing or overheating.
Exact results due to high sensitivity!
Reliable and accurate results at any time of the day or night are ensured by the use of long-life laser sources, filters with narrow bandwidth and high-sensitivity photodetectors.
- Cloud heights, cloud coverage, height of the mixture layer, boundary layer
- Optical (LIDAR)
- Measuring range up to 15 km (50,000 ft), optimized detection of several cloud layers, simple eye-safe operation, service-friendly modular device design, various data telegrams including raw data
- RS485, LAN, RS232 oder Modem V.21, V22
- 8350.00, 8350.01 incl. 8350.MOD, 8350.10, 8350.03, 8350.BAT
Advantages of the Cloud Height Sensor / Ceilometer CHM15k
The Lufft CHM 15k is a LIDAR cloud height sensor based on a single wavelength backscattering technique. It detects various cloud layers (max 9), cloud penetration depths, issues the Sky Condition Index, vertical field of view (VOR), aerosol layer heights, boundary layers and aerosol backscatter profiles with a range of up to 15 km.
The sensor achieves excellent signal quality thanks to its stable wavelength and its Nd:YAG narrow-beam microchip laser operating in the 1064 nm range. In addition, its technology enables efficient daylight suppression and reduces temperature fluctuations to a minimum.
Due to its pulse energy and laser frequency it is eye-safe and classified as a 1M laser product.
Moreover, the CHM 15k features a user-friendly design that enables unattended, continuous operation.
The CHM 15k is a state-of-the-art solution for today's diverse requirements of atmospheric research. It is suitable both as a sophisticated aerosol research instrument and as part of a large measurement network.
Example of use of the Cloud Height Sensor / Ceilometer CHM 15k
The CHM 15k is a simple single-shaft backscatter Lidar cloud height sensor or ceilometer. Within its measuring range of up to 15 km, it reliably detects several cloud layers, cirrus clouds and aerosol layers. The ceilometer is therefore often used for the following applications and events:
- Observation of up to 15,000 m high cirrus clouds
- Creation of aerosol backscatter profiles
- Determination of the boundary layer height
- Precipitation measurement
- Cloud cover detection
- Fog detection
- To determine the vertical visibility
Our clients include public and private weather services, environmental agencies and national and international airports.
Product variants - Ceilometer CHM 15k „NIMBUS“
The laser-based cloud height sensor Ceilometer CHM 15k „NIMBUS“ is available in different product variants:
- Ceilometer CHM 15k „NIMBUS“ (Article no. 8350.00)
- Ceilometer CHM 15k „NIMBUS“ with DSL modem (Article no. 8350.01)
- Ceilometer CHM 15k „NIMBUS“, US version (Article no. 8350.10)
- Ceilometer CHM 15k „NIMBUS“, housing color red-white (Article no. 8350.03)
All versions are available with or without Battery Back-up (8350.BAT).
Brochure - Lufft - Cloud Height Detection (DE/EN)
Firmware - Lufft - CHM 0 XXX 550
Please check compatibility via CHM 15k web interface
Firmware - Lufft - CHM 0 XXX 552
Please check compatibility via CHM 15k web interface
Manual - Lufft - CHM15k (EN)
Video - CHM15k: Applications with the Cloud Height Sensor CHM15k
Video - CHM15k: Technical Introduction of the Ceilometer CHM 15k
|Dimensions||500 x 500 x 1550 mm|
|Weight||70 kg (130 kg incl. packaging)|
|Temperature range||-40...+50 °C|
|Relative humidity||0...100 %|
|Standard interface||RS485, LAN|
|Optional interface||RS232 or Modem V.21, V22, V.22bis|
|Communication||LAN Port: Web - Interface |
Serial Port: DataClient Software or standard terminal programs
|Optional software||Viewer - Software for convenient visualizing measured results|
|Power supply||230 VAC, ±10 %|
|Power consumption||250 W (Standard) |
800 W (in maximum heating mode)
|UPS functionality (opt.)||Internal backup battery for electronics, > 1 hrs|
|Environmental conditions||ISO 10109 - 11|
|Laser protection class||1M, DIN EN 60825 - 1:2007|
|Protection level housing||IP65|
|EMV||EN 61326 - 1|
|Electrical safety||DIN EN 61010 - 1|
|Cloud height / aerosol profiles / visibility|
|Measuring principle||optical (LIDAR)|
|Measuring range (Cloud base height)||5 m ... 15.000 m (16 ft ... 50.000 ft)|
|Accuracy (measured on hard target in 10 km distance)||±5 m (±16 ft)|
|Measurement resolution||5 m (16 ft)|
|Sampling rate||100 MHz|
|NetCDF raw data resolution||15 m (full range, compact file sizes); 5 m (5 m to 150 m range)|
|Measurement time||2 s ... 600 s (wählbar)|
|Quantities to be measured||CBH1, preset: 3 layers; maximum 9 layers; Cloud penetration depth; Cloud amount and sky condition index; Vertical visibility (VOR); Height of aerosol layer; Aerosol backscatter profiles;|
|Light source||Nd:YAG solid - state laser, wavelength 1064 nm|
CHM15: How to find/choose correct firmware version corresponding to your hardware version
A new firmware version for the CHM 15k comes in two hardware-dependent variants:
- Firmware version 0.xxx_550 (e.g. 0.743_550)
- Firmware Version 0.xxx_552 (e.g. 0.743_552)
The version 0.735_552 and all subsequent versions X.XXX_552 apply to newer CHM 15k devices which have been built since June, 2015. From the installed firmware version 0.733 on, you can find the right update version through on the CHM web interface.
For devices with firmware versions before 0.733, you can recognize the compatibility by means of the OS version (web interface --> device tab "firmware"):
For OS: 12.12.1 please use the firmware version 0.735_550 and for OS: 15.06.1 the firmware version 0.735_552.
If you have uploaded the wrong version accidentially, the status bit 12 is set. You can install the appropriate version again.
You can find the new firmware in the download area of the CHM 15k product page.
CHM15: On-site calibration & on-site check of the calibration How to do? How often to do?
Lufft is offering a cloud simulator tool to check the instrument quality in field.
The simulator generates different light pulses and background light levels to test the detection unit and the data acquistion path of our CHM units. The starting point is the laser itself. The laser pulse is detected by the simualtor and time shifted LED pulses are generated. By comparision with the instrument specific production protocol the user can easily see differences in the calibration. The simulator takes a test time of 30 minutes in maximum and should be repeated once per year to verify the status of the system.
In case the instrument is showing an error or the results of the simulator are out of specs, the LOM (laser optic module) of the CHM instrument shall be exchanged. It can be repaired and recalibrated in lab.
Furthermore, on-site calibration in field can be done to achieve absolute backscatter values from aerosol layers. The absolute calibration can be done in two different ways:
1) comparision with another lidar instrument, which should have a sensitivity 10 times better than the ceilometer and should have at least the same range resolution of 5m.
2) clear sky calibration and specific rain cloud calibration ( both methods will be implented by the European Met services shortly. There is an ongoing project to deliver the algorithms. Please check:
Advantage: The Rayleigh calibration and the cloud calibration method do not need additional equipment.
The on-site calibration takes 24 h to 1 week to be able to compare different cloud and aerosol layer situations. In a rainy season, in permanent low cloud, brown cloud or in foggy places the on-site atmospheric calibration might not work at all and our cloud simulator check of the lab calibration gives you the best result.
CHM15k: In which applications is the ceilometer CHM15k in use?
The View into the Sky - Applications with the Cloud Height Sensor CHM15k! Watch our webinar recording where we present completely different application scenarios, where our cloud height sensor CHM15k can be the sensor of your choice!